The eye disease or condition of glaucoma is brought on by damage to the eye’s optic nerves. When the fluid in the front of the eye builds up, it damages the optic nerve over time by increasing intraocular pressure. The major cause of vision loss and blindness, particularly in people over 60, is glaucoma. Although there is no known treatment for glaucoma, early intervention can frequently stop the damage and save your eyesight. With the appropriate care, chicago glaucoma consultants may improve your vision and make you look better, read better, and enjoy a better life.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
Although there are initially no symptoms, as the eye illness advances, the patient may experience the following symptoms:
- Loss of peripheral vision;
- Blurred or blurry vision;
- Severe eye pain;
- Vomiting or nausea;
- Tunnel vision;
- Eye redness;
- Observing halo effects on lighting.
The various forms of glaucoma
The four forms of glaucoma are as follows:
- Open Angle Glaucoma: The most prevalent kind of glaucoma, it develops when the eye doesn’t drain fluid as it should, causing pressure to rise and harm the optic nerve. This type of glaucoma is painless and has no obvious symptoms.
- Narrow Angle Glaucoma: Also, known as closed angle glaucoma. When the iris is too close to the drainage angle, it clogs it and causes this particular type of glaucoma, which increases eye pressure.
- Normal-Tension Glaucoma: This condition typically manifests as optic nerve damage in the eye despite normal intraocular pressure levels.
- Congenital glaucoma: A genetic disease that affects the drainage system of the eye, is a rare condition that affects infants and young children.
Options for glaucoma treatment
Routine eye exams with an ophthalmologist or optometrist are one of the best strategies to detect glaucoma. The pressure inside the eye will be measured by the doctor during an eye examination. The optic nerves will also be checked. Finally, they will conduct a few visual field tests to look for any peripheral vision loss.
Eye drops are one of the main treatments for glaucoma once it has been identified. It can lower eye pressure if used frequently or as directed because it decreases the volume of aqueous fluid, which lowers pressure and aids the fluid’s passage via the drainage angle. Another option for treating glaucoma is surgery. Trabeculectomy is frequently recommended for open-angle glaucoma and iridotomy for angle closure glaucoma. In addition to surgery, glaucoma laser therapy also aids in reducing the glaucoma eye illness.
To get a better treatment for your glaucoma, please visit Kraff Eye Institute.